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La entrada de hoy tiene que ver con la voz pasiva. Muchos de vosotros me habéis mandado mensajes preguntado diversas dudas, así que decidí subir esta entrada. ¡Espero que os guste!

 

The passive voice is formed by the verb BE (in any tense) and the past participle of the main verb. Remember that regular past participle are formed by adding –ed to the verb, whereas irregular past participles are those of the 3rd column.

 

Sujeto + Be + Past Participle + By-agent

 

The building was built in 1997 by Calatrava

This film has been directed by Tim Burton

 

We use the passive voice when we want to focus on the action, not the agent, and also when the agent is obvious or unknown. In these cases, it can be omitted:

 

The burglar was arrested (by the police) as soon as he left the house

This car was bought (by him) three years ago.

 

When we want to change active sentences into passive ones, we follow these steps:

ACTIVE VOICE    PASSIVE VOICE

Direct object -> Passive Subject

Active verb-> Passive Verb

Direct Subject -> By – Agent

Somebody cleans this house everyday

This house is cleaned (by somebody) everyday

Some verbs can have two objects, such as ask, give, offer, pay, show, teach, tell

My mum gave me a book for my birthday 

Indirect Object Direct Object

In these cases, it is possible to make two sentences into the passive voice, depending on whether we choose the indirect or the direct object as the Subject for the passive sentence.

I was given a book
A book was given to me

When we use these verbs is more frequent to use the indirect object (person) as passive subject.

I was offered the job but I refused The men will be paid £400 for their work Have you been shown the new machine?

EXAMPLES OF VERB CHANGES

ACTIVE

PASSIVE

Present simple

Tom cleans the house everyday

The house is cleaned by Tom everyday

Pres continuous

Sarah is writing a letter

A letter is being written by Sarah

Past simple

Sam repaired the car

The car was repaired by Sam

Past continuous

The man was helping the child

The child was being helped by the man

Present perfect

Many tourists have visited the castle

The castle has been visited by many tourists

Past perfect

George had brought dinner

Dinner had been brought by George

Future will

Carol will finish the project

The project will be finished by Carol

Fut. be going to

Sally is going to cook a nice chicken

A nice chicken is going to be cooked by Sally

Modals

The police might arrest the murderer

The murderer might be arrested by the police

CAUSATIVE SENTENCES

We use the causative when we refer to an action that is done for us by someone else. It means that we caused the action to happen, but we didn’t do it ourselves. This is, we paid, asked or persuaded someone else to do it.

It is formed with the verbs have / get and there is no difference between them, although get is more informal

Subject + have / get + object + past participle

He is having the scene filmed in India I got my hair cut last week

There are other types of causative sentences formed with have / let / make which are followed by a person instead of an object, and a verb in its base form (not past participle)

Subject + have / let / make + person + verb

I had the electrician look at my broken light John let me drive his new car
The teacher made him apologize for what he said

We can also use get in this way but then the verb has to be accompanied by to. Sometimes, this causative has the feeling that we needed to convince someone to do something, while the other ones are neutral

Subject + get + person + to verb

She gets her son to do his homework every afternoon

 

 

Ya sabéis, si os ha gustado, compartidlo! 😉

PASSIVE AND CAUSATIVE SENTENCES

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